A wide and accurate research about the medicalization of literature and the fictionalization of medical speeches in Italian literature
From the years of triumph of the Positive thought to the beginning of 20th century, mental illness exceeded the specialized fields of experimental science and pervaded Italian fiction: the works of Tarchetti, Verga, D’Annunzio, Fogazzaro, De Roberto, Pirandello, Tozzi, Borgese and many others were invested. The XIX century was considered «the century of neurosis»: besides the birth and the progresses of psychiatry, the neurosis progressively became the symbol both of individual and of community uneasiness, which explains why it was object of study either of science and literature.
Edwige Comoy Fusaro offers, with this book, a well constructed and extensive research placed in a vast cultural, scientific and philosophical context, where particular importance is given to the fundamental exchange between Italian and the contemporary French psychiatric culture. This continuous and fecund dialogue between science and literature opened the way, at the same time, to a medicalization of literature and to a fictionalization of medical speeches.
An incredible flourishing of clinical cases, some of them very perturbing, came from the implied or showed rivalry between scientists and men of letters, here presented in a rich and various taxonomy. The author offers to the reader an accurate and detailed scientific research, written in a clear and exact language, whose value can be measured by its double nature: on the one hand it represents an arrival point for the certain originality of the research and the obtained results; on the other hand it is a starting point for the great variety of hypothesis, suggestions and proposals for a cultural debate among scholars.PDF format