This book draws an image of the internal and international history of Libya from the independence (obtained in 1951, thanks to the administrative and financial support of the US and Great Britain) to the first years of Qadhafi’s regime. In this period (1969-1973) the Western powers wondered if it was still possible for their military and economic interests in Libya to coexist with the goals of the new Government of Tripoli.
By consulting the recently declassified documents at the Public Record Office in London and at the National Archives in Washington D.C., the author has discovered new elements about a period in which Libya played an important role in the Mediterranean: it was a British-American Strategic bastion in the late Forties and during the Fifties. After the first important Oil strike at Bir Zelten, in 1959, Libya started to become one of the most important Oil producers in the World.
The Monarchic Era in Libya, believed to be dominated by the firm alliance between king Idris and the Western powers, was indeed a very contradictory period, in which the popular discontent about the ruling class brought, in a decade (the Sixties), to the “Free Officers” revolution of September 1969. In the book the revolution is examined in detail through the British and American documents, showing the Western powers inquiries on the aims and the intentions of Qadhafi and his fellows.
The acknowledgements to this book have been written by Ennio Di Nolfo, one of the most important Italian scholars in the field of history of International Relations.PDF format